Former State Security Agency (SSA) DG Arthur Fraser has issued a summons against investigative journalist Jacques Pauw and NB Publishers over ‘harmful’ statements made in Pauw's book, The President's Keepers, notes a News24 report.

Fraser's lawyer, Rapulane Kgoroeadira, added that the quantum for damages due to defamation stood at R35m.

He said his instructions were that statements in the book caused Fraser harm and also affected his business.

‘He has lost a substantial amount of money.’

NB Publishers indicated it was aware of the summons. In the book, Pauw wrote that Fraser ‘concocted’ the Principal Agent Network (PAN) in his capacity at the National Intelligence Agency (which later formed part of the SSA). The PAN, suspended in 2011, became a household name with the release of the book, and was later red-flagged in the SSA high-level review panel report.

The 10-member panel, chaired by Dr Sydney Mufamadi, found widespread abuse of the country's intelligence services for political ends, including internal ANC factional battles.

According to the SSA report and Pauw's book, there was nothing necessarily sinister in setting up the PAN as it was initially envisioned, News24 reported previously.

However, the allegations put before the SSA high-level review panel about the PAN were ‘disturbing’, according to the report.

Full News24 report